Server-side or backend technologies
The technologies interlacing directly with the database are called the backend tech stack.
Backend technologies are the powerhouse of modern web development. They provide a sturdy foundation for web applications and enable developers to create compelling web experiences.
Popular backend technologies include Node.js, ASP.NET, Ruby on Rails, and PHP. Each technology provides a unique way to interact with databases, manage user authentication, and create dynamic web pages.
- ASP.NET – is an open-source web application framework developed by Microsoft. It offers comprehensive features for developing secure and reliable web applications, from data access to authentication. It also provides many libraries and tools to help developers quickly create compelling web pages.
- Ruby on Rails – is a web development framework based on the Ruby programming language. It offers database migrations, automatic code generation, and an extensive library of plugins. It's famous for its fast development and simple Model-View-Controller (MVC) pattern implementation.
- OS (operating system) – a backend operating system is the platform on which frameworks, servers, and other pieces reside and access necessary resources. MacOS, Linux, Android, Windows, and iOS are the most popular operating systems.
- Database syntax – your codes are stored in the database. It also saves, gathers, processes, and manages data from many sources. Database languages often used include MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Graph SQL, and others. These languages are used by developers to arrange databases and conduct certain activities.
- The web server – stores, processes, distributes, and manages dynamic and static data. Apache, IIS, and Nginx are the most popular web servers.
In short, backend technologies provide the foundation for modern web applications. With them, websites would be stable and responsive.
Fortunately, plenty of resources can help developers better understand these technologies and how to use them effectively.
Client-side or frontend technologies
Frontend stacks provide features and capabilities that web application users interact with directly. These technologies' features directly impact user experience and the appearance and feel of web pages.
- HTML – is a markup development stack in charge of the website's content. It serves as the platform's skeleton framework regarding text and graphics. It also uses markup to define the structure of web pages.
- CSS – is a style sheet language that works alongside HTML to beautify the structure, phrases, graphics, and other response aspects during web creation.
Frameworks – are collections of shared functionalities in a programming environment that may be grown to produce bespoke products.
Because they are customizable coding templates, frameworks eliminate the need for programmers to write every line of code from the start.
When it comes to developing modern web applications, choosing the proper framework can be a challenge. Fortunately, three powerful options stand out: React, Vue, and Svelte.
Each offers unique features and benefits, making them the ideal choice for any modern web development project.
React, Vue.js, and Svelte are the most popular frontend development libraries and frameworks. They provide developers with the tools to create dynamic, interactive user interfaces.
- React is a library created by Facebook that focuses on components, allowing developers to create reusable, modular pieces of code easily. It is known for its performance and scalability, making it an ideal choice for large-scale projects.
React, Vue, and Svelte are great options for users looking to build user interfaces. Depending on the size and complexity of the project, one of these three frameworks could be a perfect choice.